Tonga has officially submitted its Enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on 09 December 2020 - perfectly in line with the Paris Agreement requirement for parties to communicate their enhanced NDCs by 2020.
Tonga's second NDC is ambitious, broad and inclusive, addressing both mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Despite being negligible contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions, Tonga has developed a robust set of mitigation targets covering the energy, waste, and agriculture, forestry and other land-use (AFOLU) sectors. It has also prioritized adaptation actions focusing on utilizing 30% of land for agroforestry by 2025, preventing permanent land loss to rising sea levels and expanding Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and Special Management Areas (SMAs) to 30% of the nation's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Supported by the Regional Pacific NDC Hub through GGGI Pacific, Tonga's second NDC is built on findings and recommendations of the Tonga NDC Review Report, launched in September this 2020.
As we approach the 5-year anniversary of the Paris Agreement, Tonga's commitment to climate action is exemplary of how Pacific nations are committed to achieving the goal for the Paris Agreement.
Have a look at Tonga's Second NDC here.