The Republic of Kiribati is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean that comprises 32 coral atolls and one raised coral island. Kiribati has an extensive Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 3,550,000 square kilometres, making it one of the largest EEZ’s in the Pacific. Approximately 60% of Kiribati’s population of over 110,000 reside on the South and North Tarawa islands with around 6,500 people residing on Kiritimati island – this represents the largest population centres in Kiribati. The remaining population is divided between twenty other populated islands.

Kiribati is one of the most vulnerable countries to the adverse impacts of climate change. Sea water inundation and erosion are frequent impacts of climate change impacting key areas of land. During extreme weather events, Storm surges and tidal waves contaminate the fresh groundwater lens which is vital for the population’s water security.


NDC Target

Kiribati submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions on 5th November 2015 to the UNFCCC Secretariat.

Conditional (61.80%)

On receiving external support, Kiribati’s conditional contribution will reduce emissions by 35,880tCO2e annually by 2025 and by 38,420tCO2e annually by 2030.

Unconditional (12.80%)

In the absence of receiving any external support, in addition to the carbon storage in the ocean ecosystem, Kiribati’s unconditional contribution will reduce emissions by 10,090tCO2e annually throughout the period 2020 to 2030.

Kiribati commits to reduce emissions by: 13.7% by 2025 and 12.8% by 2030 compared to a BaU projection. In addition to these quantified outcomes, Kiribati will proactively protect and sustainably manage its mangrove resources, as well as protect and enhance coastal vegetation and seagrass beds. Together these actions represent effective stewardship of more than 6 million tonnes of Carbon Dioxide stored, more than 100 times the current annual national emissions inventory

On the understanding that a global agreement addresses international assistance to access financial and technical resources, Kiribati can, with international assistance, contribute a further:  48.8% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025; and  49% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to the BaU projection. With appropriate international assistance, Kiribati can reduce its emissions by more than 60% (61.8%) by 2030.

Target Sector


Cross-cutting areas, disaster risk management (DRM), energy, health and transport


Energy sector: power and transport, maritime and coastal sector including mangrove, coastal vegetation and seagrass beds

Target Year
Activity Implementation Year

Current Activity

The NDC Hub is working with the Government of Kiribati on developing its NDC Implementation Roadmap, investment Plans and Project Pipelines.

NDC Implementation Roadmap and NDC Investment Plan (including project pipeline)



Capacity building in assessment, design, and construction of low energy/carbon buildings



Strengthening and Expanding the Standards and Labelling Programme for Appliances in Kiribati



Contact details in-country team

Mr Ikam Moaniba

Secretary, Office of the Beretitenti
Office of Te Beretitenti (OB)
Bairiki, Tarawa
email: [email protected]
Tel: +686 75021183

The Regional Pacific NDC Hub is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of United Kingdom, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand.