Papua New Guinea (PNG) lies in the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and has a total land area of 46.9 million hectares, comprising of 600 smaller islands. PNG’s diverse landscapes, ecosystems and rich flora have sustained 7 million plus people for over a millennium. To maintain long-term sustainability of its environment and people, PNG is continuously taking ambitious action to combat threats posed by climate change.
• PNG commits to generating 78% of its electricity supply from renewable energy sources by 2030
- By 2030, annual emission from deforestation and forest degradation due to agriculture expansion and commercial logging is reduced by 10,000 Gg CO2 eq comparing to 2015 level
- LULUCF will be converted from net GHG source (1, 716 Gg CO2 eq) in 2015 to net GHG sink (-8,284 Gg CO2 eq) by 2030 to mitigate emissions from other sectors
Non GHG Qualitative Targets
- The area of annual deforestation is reduced by 25% of 2015 level by 2030 (Equating to a reduction of 8,300 ha of annual deforestation).
- The area of forest degradation is reduced by 25% of 2015 level by 2030 (Equating to a reduction of 43,300 ha of annual degradation).
- The area of planted forest and forest restoration is increased.
- Non GHG Action Based Targets
- Enhanced land use planning
- Promoting climate-friendly agriculture
- Enhancement of timber legality
- Promoting REDD+
- Promoting downstream processing
- Promoting the Painim Graun Planim Diwai initiative and planting trees initiative.
PNG submitted their Enhanced NDC to the UNFCCC on 17 December 2020.
- Energy: Electricity Supply – PNG commits to generating 78% of its electricity supply from renewable energy sources by 2030
- Forestry: Reducing Emissions from Forestry and Land Use Change coordinated through the REDD+ Initiative and Landuse and Landuse Change (LULUCF)
Priority Development Sector per the NAP
Adaptation Target 2030
10% of the total population (0.8 million beneficiaries (25% are women)) have increased resilience with respect to food and water security, health and well-being in PNG.
100% of the population benefits from improved health measures to respond to malaria and other climate-sensitive diseases in PNG.
US$1.2b (PGK 4.2b) value of transport (air, sea, and land) infrastructure and assets built/rehabilitated according to climate-resilient codes and standards.
6 million people (70% of the population) benefit from improved early warning systems/information to respond to extreme climate events.
US$172m (PGK 608m) value of building and utility infrastructure assets built/rehabilitated according to climate-resilient codes and standards.
Activity Implementation Year
- Support from NDC Hub through providing in-country consultant in facilitating and administrations of the PNG 2020 Enhanced NDC review process was completed.
- NDC Coordination through the support of UNDP Climate Promise Program, PNG FAO and other partners, this is ongoing.
- PNG requested for support to enhance the PNG NDC to include quantitative adaptation targets and the report is fianlzied.
- PNG’s NDC Implementation Plan currently been drafted which will be updated annually, which will be annexed to the NDC, which lists key actions and activities, respective resource requirements to ensure successful implementation.
- Stocktake analysis of PNG Adaptation policies, goals and targets and to determine their relevance to the NDCs.
- A gap analysis was conducted also, of PNG Adaptation policies, goals and targets and to determine their relevance to the NDCs. A Gap Analysis was conducted also, taking into account the recent developments in the Climate Change Development Management Plan and to look at what further sectors could be included in there.
PNG's NDC includes contributions from the Energy and Forestry sectors as the main emitting sectors. PNG hopes to outline a cost-effective way to sustainable economic development by maintaining 78 percent of the country’s forest cover, developing renewable energy resources, and strengthening resilience to enhance adaptation and mitigation action.
- Mr. Ruel Yamuna, Managing Director for PNG Climate Change and Development Authority
Papua New Guinea's NDC Journey
The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution for Papua New Guinea was submitted in 2016.
Contact details in-country team
The Regional Pacific NDC Hub is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of United Kingdom, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand.