Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands has 28,400 square kilometres of land, with a population of 680,806 with the capital and largest city Honiara having an estimated population of 67,000. Solomon Islands is a LDC SIDS that is in no way responsible for the unfolding climate change catastrophe, yet it is highly vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change. Current (2015) greenhouse gas emissions from Solomon Islands are approximately 20 MtCO2e/year. This is extremely small: representing approximately just 0.01 % of global emissions. Despite its negligible contribution to climate change, the Solomon Islands are taking robust and decisive climate action to deal with the impacts of climate change in the country.

NDC Target

Solomon Islands submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC Secretariat on 30 September 2015.

Conditional (0.00%)

The conditional target for the Solomon Islands is 27% reduction in GHG emissions by 2025 and 45% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to a Business As Usual (BAU) projection.

Unconditional (0.00%)

The unconditional target for the Solomon Islands is 12% reduction below 2015 level by 2025 and a 30% reduction below 2015 levels by 2030 compared to a Business As Usual (BAU) projection.

No further revisions were undertaken and the same document was endorsed and submitted as the First Nationally Determined Contributions on 21 September 2016.

The achievement of the Solomon Islands emissions reduction target is through both conditional and unconditional means.

Target Sector


The Solomon Islands INDC also focuses on adaptation. The priority sectors are not detailed in the INDC but the nation intends to:

  • Implement its urgent and medium term adaptation plans as stated in its NAPA, NCCP and NDS.
  • Acknowledge its adaptation gaps, barriers and needs.
  • Highlight financing needs for priority adaptation interventions.
  • Highlight gaps in national, sub-national, community and sector level adaptation and climate resilience programs.
  • Suggest innovative financing approaches to address climate change adaptation.


Under the NDCs, Solomon Islands has considered mitigation actions that were currently planned and funded (as the Solomon Islands Contribution), and those that have been identified as technically viable with current technology suitable to the Solomon Islands context (as the contribution conditional on adequate and timely international assistance).

  • Electricity generation
  • Sea transport
  • Land transport

The conditional Mitigation Actions will require a timely combination of capacity building, technology transfer, and financial support, primarily in the form of grants.

Target Year
Activity Implementation Year

Current Activity

The current support from the NDC Hub is its technical support to develop the country’s MRV through GGGI.

Proposed Roadmap for National MRV System



Preparatory Phase for Solomon Islands Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS)



NDC Investment Plan



Full LEDS development



Carbon Budget Roadmap



Solomon Islands's NDC Journey

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution for the Solomon Islands was submitted in 2015.

TheNationally Determined Contribution for the Solomon Islands was submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat in 2016.

The Enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution for Solomon Islands is expected to be submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat at the end of 2020.

Contact details in-country team

Mr. Hudson Kauhiona

NDC Hub Focal Point

Director Climate Change Division

Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology

Contact: +677 240 74

E: [email protected]

The Regional Pacific NDC Hub is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of United Kingdom, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand