Nauru is located north-east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean and situated 42 kilometres south of the equator. Dotted with pinnacles, a coral reef surrounds the entire island. Nauru has a fairly small populace compared to its neighbouring Pacific nations; approximately 10,000 people including around 1,000 non-Nauruan population.To move towards a more sustainable form of income, Nauru has increased its efforts in agriculture and fish production including the maximization of revenue from fisheries access fees and development for the informal sector.

This in turn is sustaining the people of Nauru. Being geographically isolated with a small land mass has made Nauru susceptible to adverse external shocks of the global market. Apart from a volatile economic scenario, the impacts of climate change are hampering the lives of many Nauruan people and their landsNauru is continually working to achieve its national vision and employ policies and actions to curb the overall global temperature rise below 1.5 degrees Celsius and encourage progress to an economically viable and sustainable future for its people.

NDC Target

Nauru submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions on 17 November 2015 to the UNFCCC Secretariat and updated its' submission on the 14th of October, 2021.

Nauru's aspirational goal is to achieve 100 percent renewable energy to the national grid system by 2050, based on available and additional external financing being provided to the Republic of Nauru.

Conditional (60.90%)

To replace a substantial part of electricity generation with the existing diesel operated plants, a large-scale grid connected renewable energy system (solar or other renewable energy sources) would improve the energy mix on the grid and assist in reducing emissions from fossil fuels. Concurrent to this, there need to be extensive demand side energy efficiency improvement programs which will complement the renewable installations.

The energy efficiency improvement programs with an estimated cost of USD 5.5 Million over the next 4 years is expected to reduce the diesel consumption, thereby further reducing emissions. The conditional mitigation contribution discussed above would require a significant amount of investment on implementation of new renewable energy projects, scaling up solar, including substantial technical, capacity building and logistical assistance due to the limited capacity on the island.

Unconditional (39.10%)

The unconditional contribution includes implementation of a 6 MW solar PV system which is expected to assist in unconditional reduction of carbon dioxide emissions marginally.

As mandated by the Secretariat, countries are to submit enhanced/updated NDC every five years to reflect their updated climate action and emission reduction targets.


Target Sector


  • Productive Land & Coast
  • Healthy and Productive People
  • Water Security
  • Food Security
  • Energy Security
  • Healthy Environment
  • Good Governance
  • Loss & Damage


Sectoral (energy sector) commitment focussed on a transition to renewable energy in the electricity generation sector and energy efficiency through demand side management.

Target Year
Activity Implementation Year

Current Activity

The Pacific NDC Hub is working in Nauru on the Nauru Climate Change Education Programme. This activity focuses on incorporating climate change education into the national school curriculum giving recognition to the face that children and youth are the future leaders of the nation and need to be well informed on the climate change risks and challenges faced by Nauru.

Peer review of Water and Sanitation Master Plan



Climate-Smart Agriculture Plan



Integrating Climate Change Education in school curriculum



Building Standards for the Building Sector (NDC Mainstreaming & Integration with national planning, Support to National Planning & Legislation)



Twin Chamber Septic System for Households



Capacity building in-vehicle shredding and exporting



Nauru's NDC Journey

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution for Nauru was submitted in 2015.

The Enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution for Nauru is to be submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat at the end of 2020.

Contact details in-country team

Mr. Reagan Moses

NDC Hub Focal Point

Director of Climate Change

Department of Commerce, Industry and Environment Climate Change Division

Government Offices, Yaren District, Nauru

E: [email protected]

The Regional Pacific NDC Hub is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of United Kingdom, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand.